Collagen has been used for many years in beauty and skincare products, however, recently there has been an increase in the use of collagen as a beauty supplement. Typically collagen containing products are animal based however, vegan options are available! Below we will discuss what collagen is, the potential benefits of collagen supplementation, and plant-based sources of collagen.
What is collagen?
The body is made up of trillions of cells, all of which are contained within a network called the ‘extracellular matrix’ This matrix is made up of proteins and other molecules in order to provide structure and support to cells. Collagen makes up around 90% of the proteins found in the extracellular matrix. When it comes to skin health, collagen is important for providing structure to skin cells and is responsible for elasticity of the skin. Collagen molecules also help to retain water and prevent dehydration of the skin.
What are the benefits of collagen supplementation?
Improved skin elasticity:
‘Plump, bouncy, smooth’ are all words that we might associate with younger looking skin. However, as we age, we start to lose skin elasticity causing skin to droop and a more prominent appearance of wrinkles. Supplementation with collagen has been shown to improve the overall appearance of skin, including smoothness and elasticity. These effects can last for at least 4 weeks following supplementation, unlike topical collagens that need to be applied daily.
Improved hydration of skin:
Glowing skin has definitely taken over as the beauty trend of 2022, and to glow we need moisture. As mentioned previously, collagen helps to trap water in the extracellular matrix which is integral to all layers of the skin. Supplementation with collagen allows water to be retained in not only the superficial layers of the skin, but also the deeper layers (that topical products may not reach). Our skin is constantly renewing, so having healthier deep layers is likely to mean glowing skin at all stages in the skin cycle.
Fewer aches and pains:
Our joints are surrounded by a layer of cartilage to protect the bones against friction and general wear and tear. Collagen makes up over half of the cartilage structure. Cartilage becomes thinner with age and also due to trauma from high impact activities such as HIIT, running and sports that involve jumping. This can lead to pain and inflammation of the joint. Supplementation has been shown to help prevent cartilage degeneration, reduce pain and improve joint mobility.
Reduced acne scarring:
Going back to skin, collagen supplementation may help to reduce the scarring that occurs as a result of moderate to severe acne. If collagen is present in an area it can help to recruit other collagen molecules and collagen-secreting cells. An abundance of collagen can then encourage death of the unhealthy cells and stimulate new cell growth. Overall, this leads to improved skin and wound healing, and a smoother appearance of scar tissue.
What are some natural sources of collagen?
Plant-based source of collagen include soy-based products such as tofu, tempeh, soy yoghurt and fortified soy milk. Dark leafy greens and brightly coloured vegetables such as peppers and tomatoes also contain collagen. Berries and citrus fruits contain collagen alongside important nutrients such as vitamin C.
Supplements or foods that contain zinc may also boost the absorption of collagen, as this mineral is needed for the body to correctly absorbed and process collagen.